The quality of your water should be considered before taking
cuttings. Reverse Osmosis or drinking water would be an
pH should be adjusted to between 5.5 and 6.2 by the time
roots begin to develop.
It is essential that your cuttings (clones) be taken from
Rockwool should be pretreated by using Rockwool Soak, or
soaking overnight in water with a pH of about 5.0.
Be gentle when taking cuttings. They can shock easily when
Always use a sterile growing medium; be it rockwool, soil,
vermiculite, perlite, sand, etc. Never use soil from your
Always keep tools clean to avoid transmitting disease to
open plant wounds. Sterilize them before each use if possible.
Keep your growing medium warm at all times for best results.
Bottom heat (with a heating mat) will help cuttings root
faster. Bottom heat: 75-85F (24-30C). Greenhouse/indoor
temperature (air, bench level):70F (21C).
High humidity, just until roots begin to emerge) aids in
rooting your cuttings. A plastic cover (humidity dome or
tent) will increase your percentage of roots cuttings.
Don't forget all plants need fresh air. If your cuttings
show signs of wilting, cut some holes in your humidity dome/tent
to allow air ventilation.
Remember to keep your room temperature warm during the night
or lights-out cycle if propagating indoors. Add a space
heater if necessary.
Excessive watering will kill your cuttings. Never leave
any water standing in the tray (unless using an aeroponic
cloning system). It is best to briefly water the plants
and then transfer them to a dry tray.
To achieve a uniform cutting you may trim the leaves. Try
to keep all your cuttings around the same height. This allows
each cutting to receive the same amount of light.
If you are using outdoor sunlight, screen your cuttings
from the direct sun or place in a shady area under a tree.
If you are using fluorescent lighting you may (and should)
place your lights within a few inches of the tops of your
plants without burning them.
If using high intensity discharge (HID) lighting, either
sodium or metal halide, give cuttings a full 18 hours of
light. A 6 hour night cycle is recommended for optimum results.
Due to the amount of heat HID lamps put out, keep the lights
within a safe distance above your cuttings or you will burn
Once roots appear, your cuttings can take stronger, more
intense light, either HID or outdoor sunlight. Place your
lights as close as possible. In other words, the closer
the lights are to your plants, the faster your plants will
grow. Transplant as soon as vigorous roots appear.
Continue to use OLIVIA'S CLONING SOLUTION during your entire
propagating cycle, i.e. from the time you first take your
cutting, until they are fully rooted and transplanted.